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Investment Casting vs Centrifugal Casting (Detailed Instruction Guide)

Update On Sep 29.2022

Investment Casting vs Centrifugal Casting

Want to know the difference between investment casting and centrifugal casting?

Should you choose investment casting or centrifugal casting to manufacture your product?

Through this article, you can see the answer you want, please read this article patiently!


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What is Investment Casting?

Creating a part using the investment casting or “lost wax” process is typically a more time-consuming process where a wax prototype of your part is made and then repeatedly dipped into liquid ceramic. The ceramic hardens and then the wax is melted out leaving you with a ceramic mold. Molten metal is then poured into the ceramic cavity where the wax once was. Once the metal solidifies, the ceramic mold is broken and removed leaving the metal casting. The mold used to create the wax pattern can be used many times however the ceramic mold is broken and discarded with each part. 

However, Besserhas automated every aspect of the investment casting process making one week lead times possible where the industry average is 7-15 weeks. 

Advantages and disadvantages of investment casting


Advantages of Investment casting

Disadvantages of Investment casting

  • Cast ferrous and non-ferrous materials
  • Smooth surface finishes, reducing machining and finishing
  • Investment casting in thin-walled parts with complex shapes
  • Very accurate, Create products with precise dimensions even net shape
  • High cost of casting
  • longer delivery time


Common Investment Casting Applications

Investment casting is highly versatile, accommodating a wide range of ferrous and non-ferrous metals. As such, it is used to manufacture numerous high-precision, high-accuracy components, such as those for aircraft systems, automobile engines and brake systems, industrial assemblies, and dental and medical devices. 


What is Centrifugal Casting?

Centrifugal casting is a process that delivers components of high material soundness. As a result, it is the technology of choice for applications like jet engine compressor cases, hydro wear rings, many military products, and other high-reliability applications. 

It has also proven to be a cost-effective means of providing complex shapes with reduced machining requirements and lower manufacturing costs as compared to investment casting and fabrications.

Advantages and disadvantages of centrifugal casting


Advantages of Centrifugal Casting

Disadvantages of Centrifugal Casting

  • These castings have a high density, a high mechanical strength, an excellent outer surface finish, and a fine-grained structure.
  • Impurities and inclusions can be easily removed
  • Gates are risers not required
  • Hollow interiors without cores are formed.
  • Can form very large parts with high accuracy
  • Low equipment and labour cost
  • Generates minimum scrap
  • The casting inner surface diameter will not be accurate.
  • This method is not suitable for all alloys.
  • The true centrifugal casting process is limited to cylindrical parts
  • Secondary machining is often required for inner diameter
  • Long lead time possible


Common centrifugal casting Applications

Typical parts made by this process are pipes, flywheels, cylinder liners, and other parts that are axi-symmetric. It is notably used to cast cylinder liners and sleeve valves for piston engines, parts which could not be reliably manufactured otherwise.


Differences Between Investment Casting & Centrifugal Casting

Both investment casting and centrifugal casting can produce high-quality, near-net-shape parts. One of the key differences is that investment casting utilizes one-use ceramic molds that are broken off the cooled parts, while centrifugal casting employs permanent dies that are reused. In addition, centrifugal casting dies are spun at high RPMs to achieved designed casting properties. Investment casting is a static process that relies on gravity to flow the alloys.


Choose Centrifugal Casting or Investment Casting

Now that we understand each method a little, let’s look at how centrifugal and investment casting are different. If you have parts that have intrinsic shapes and details, investment casting will be your best method. If you’re forming a part with thin walls or tight tolerances, you’ll want to use investment casting. Investment is also your method if you’re looking to create small to medium prototypes. Centrifugal casting will be the appropriate choice if you need parts with large widths over 15 feet, castings formed from metals that can’t work with any other process, or any large casting.


Besser's Investment Casting Services

Besser is a leading investment casting foundry in China. Since 2002, we have started to provide investment casting services to overseas markets such as the United States, Australia, United Kingdom, Canada, etc.

After years of hard work, we have now become one of the best investment casting manufacturers in China. Through the automated lost wax investment casting process, we can customize investment castings for various industries such as agricultural castings, construction castings, railway castings, valve castings, food machinery castings and other industrial applications.

Feel free to contact us when you need investment casting solutions.

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Besser Foundry is the top custom investment casting manufacturer in China. We can supply all kinds of different investment casting parts in steel, carbon steel, alloy steel, etc. Pls contact us if you have any need for investment casting solution!
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